Teaching Undergraduate Students through Connectivity: Part 2


  • Shazia Summer Jinnah University for Women, Karachi
  • Iftikhar Imam Naqvi Jinnah University for Women, Karachi


Physical, Studrnts, Chemicistry, Connectivity Diagrams


Physical Chemistry is one of the branches of Chemistry. Its quality teaching at undergraduate level is an issue of prime concern. Due to key involvement of mathematics and lack of extensive familiarity with it, students often consider Physical Chemistry the most difficult one. It is now the great responsibility of teachers to avoid the old practices of delivering isolated physical chemistry lectures that do not provide the complete picture of any phenomenon that is discussed in the class room. The possible connections of specified topic with other parameters are essential for a deep learning exercise. Therefore students cannot have a limited approach towards the topic. In this context teachers need to prepare and deliver their lectures in a systemic way with the involvement of students in the topic and also with the help of connectivity diagrams, so that students can enhance their skills towards determining the connections of their own between different phenomena.

Author Biographies

Shazia Summer, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi

Department of Chemistry

Iftikhar Imam Naqvi, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi

Department of Chemistry