Prevalence and Risk factors for Diabetes mellitus in Urban Population of Karachi (A Short Study)
Keywords:Diebetes Mellitus, Prevalence, RBS, FBS, HbA1c
A descriptive observational study has been conducted on diabetes among male and female patients in Karachi. Data has been collected from April to June 2011. Total number of patients were (n=1690). 64.7 % (n=1095) were male patients while 35.2% (n=595) were female patients. Statistical analysis has been carried out separately for both male & female patients. 23.9% patients have Target Range for HbA1c, 27.0% patients have Target Range for Fasting Plasma Glycemia and 8.0% patients have Target Range for Random Blood Sugar. It indicates they are pre diabetic patients. 12.5% patients have High values of HbA1c, 12.5% patients have high values of Fasting Plasma glucose, and 4.0% patients have high values of Random Blood Sugar. It indicates that they have diabetes. 13.5% patients have very high value for HbA1c, 10.3%patients have very high value for fasting Glucose, and 2.3% patients have high Value for Random Blood Sugar. They have diabetes mellitus condition. In this observational hospital based study prevalence of diabetes among male is greater than female and those patients at target ranges may at risk of developing Diabetes.