Saliva - A New Horizon for Estimating Antioxidant Profile of Mobile Phone User


  • Asra Khan
  • Suad Naheed
  • Mehtab Alam
  • Saba Salahuddin



Saliva, mobile phone, antioxidant profile, oxidative stress, oral disease


This is the era of information and new technologies, among the brilliant inventions and advancement, Global system of mobile phone communication (GSM) makes the life as approachable as one can think. It changes the social relation and social network of an individual. Hence the mobile has two sides of a coin. Advantages and disadvantages are associated with every feasibility or inventions.  But some time blessings bring some harmful effects on the human body. Mobile phone uses radio waves. Some part of the radio wave is also absorbed in the body. The ear is the most exposed part of the body. The salivary gland is very close to the ear. Hence, the affected part of the cellular phone radiations is a salivary gland.

In the current study, we collected the unstimulated saliva sample from volunteers to estimate the antioxidant profile of the mobile phone user. The Uric acids, Catalase, C Reactive Protein (CRP), Reduced Glutathione (GSH), and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) were included in the antioxidant profile. Uric acid, GSH, SOD was significantly decreased while CRP and Catalase were significantly increased. The result shows the increase the risk of inflammation and oxidative stress, which can predispose the cell phone user to a multitude of infectious & non-infectious oral diseases.

Author Biographies

Asra Khan

Department of Biochemistry, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi 74600, Pakistan

Suad Naheed

Department of Biotechnology, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi 74600, Pakistan

Mehtab Alam

Department of Biochemistry, Dow International Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ojha Campus, Karachi, Pakistan

Saba Salahuddin

Department of Biochemistry, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi 74600, Pakistan